On the 24th March 2011 the Department of Communities and Local Government published the latest Indices of Deprivation (ID) which is made up of seven domains. These domains have been combined, using appropriate weights, to calculate the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2010 (IMD 2010). The initial analysis of the ID identifies Southampton’s position, the key changes affecting Southampton for each of the domains. Available below is the presentation, in 5 parts, which identifies the most deprived areas in Southampton and initial analysis of each domain.
The Indices of Deprivation 2010 provides a relative ranking of areas across England according to their level of deprivation and is based on the concept that deprivation consists of more than just poverty. Poverty is not having enough money to get by on where as deprivation refers to a general lack of resources and opportunities.
Southampton is ranked 81st on the overall IMD 2010 out of the 326 Local Authorities in England, (where 1 equals the most deprived) a drop of 10 places from 2007 when the ranking was 91st out of 354 Local Authorities. The majority of the data underpinning the IMD 2010 represents 2008 although some data comes from other time points such as the 2001 census.
The IMD 2010 which forms part of the ID 2010 is based on the small area geography known as Lower Super Output Areas (LSOA). There are 146 LSOA in Southampton which have an average population of 1,500 people. These are smaller than wards, allowing the identification of small pockets of deprivation. There are 32,482 LSOA in England. The LSOA ranked 1 by the IMD 2010 is the most deprived and that ranked 32,482 is the least deprived.
The IMD brings together 38 different indicators which cover specific aspects or dimensions of deprivation and aggregated into seven domains:
- Health and Disability
- Education, Skills and Training
- Barriers to Housing and Services
- Living Environment
These are weighted and combined to create the overall IMD 2010.
The ID enables comparison between areas in England and to identify the most deprived areas at different cut off points e.g. 10% most deprived. However, the ID does not show how deprived an area is, it can tell you if one area is more deprived that another but not by how much. For example if an area has a rank of 40 it is not necessarily half as deprived as a place with the rank of 20.
The last IMD is available here - Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007